By urgentcare2015 • September 14, 2017 • Comments Off on 203 Urgent Care Talks the Flu, What to Know, How to Prevent
The flu is a highly contagious and common illness that is caused by the influenza virus. There are three different types of flu viruses: influenza A, B and C. However, only type A and B cause illness in humans.
People can get the flu any time of year, but in the United States and most of the Northern Hemisphere, flu season spans late fall to early spring. Flu activity typically peaks between December and March.
People of all ages can get the flu. However, children, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems are most susceptible and more likely to encounter serious complications.
There are many different strains of the flu virus and they mutate often. This is why people continue to come down with the flu year after year. The flu is a very contagious illness that spreads easily. Coughs and sneezes are strong enough to transmit droplets from the mouth and nose. You can also get the flu through personal contact (handshakes or hugs), saliva (kissing or sharing drinks), and by touching contaminated surfaces (doorknobs or faucets).
When someone else breathes in those respiratory droplets or touches any contaminated object, and then touches their nose, mouth, or eyes, the virus spread. A person is contagious with the flu from one day before symptoms appear to up to five days after becoming sick.
The flu typically lasts between four and five days, although symptoms can last anywhere from two to seven days.
Some flu symptoms may be similar to cold symptoms, including:
The key difference between cold and flu symptoms, however, is severity. A cold tends to start slowly and gradually get worse over a few days. Symptoms can make you feel pretty lousy, but they usually aren’t severe enough to disrupt your life. The flu hits you all at once and completely wipes you out, rendering you unable to go about your daily routine.
Common symptoms of the flu include:
If you think you might have the flu and you or someone you will be exposed to is at high risk for complications, contact your health care provider as soon as you develop symptoms.